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Updated: March 7, 2023
It can require a lot of time, energy, and organizational skill to get through the IRS checklist of to-dos for starting a new business. You’ll have a fair share of paperwork and forms to keep on file, and a Form CP-575 letter is probably one of the most important pieces of paperwork you’ll encounter in your inbox (or mailbox).
Issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), this form is used to notify you that you’ve been assigned a unique Employer Identification Number — or EIN. Also known as a Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), an EIN identifies a business entity — officially putting you on the path to opening your doors.
When you do receive that CP-575 form letter, it means you’re one step closer to joining the ranks of over thirty million businesses (and there’s no shame in doing a little fist bump).
Let’s find out why the CP-575 form letter is so important and how it can help your business.
We should point out that while sole proprietors can use their Social Security number for business identification purposes, businesses with employees or those that expect to hire employees should apply for an EIN.
A CP-575 form letter serves as a business verification of sorts. For starters, the letter includes your nine-digit, newly assigned EIN number (some even think of it as a company’s social security number). An EIN is important for businesses that have employees or anticipate having employees. It is not necessary, however, for sole proprietors, who can simply use their Social Security number for business identification purposes.
Additional information you’ll see on a CP-575 includes your official business name, official filing address, a list of the tax forms your business is required to file, and (even more importantly) the due date(s) for filing those forms – which, of course, you won’t want to miss.
The purpose of an FEIN is to identify your business when you’re completing mandatory quarterly and annual federal tax filings (forms such as 941, 943, 940). To be a business in compliance with federal tax regulations, you must have a FEIN.
And not to confuse you, but in addition to the FEIN, there’s also an EIN or Employer Identification Number issued at the state level. State-provided EINs serve essentially the same purpose as FEINs but are used on state tax forms.
States will reference your FEIN when issuing state tax IDs. And most states will not let businesses file taxes at the state level without having a corresponding state tax ID.
— Elizabeth Lamberts, FPC, OnPay Product Consultant
For new business owners, the CP-575 letter is more or less a must-have because you’ll likely need it to set up business bank accounts, credit cards, or other lines of credit. And as you reach the point of setting up payroll, you’ll also likely need to provide a copy of the letter when working with a payroll services company.
To help you determine whether you need to apply for an EIN, the IRS has a brief test. But don’t worry — it’s fairly straightforward. The questions include:
Answer “yes” to any of the questions in Uncle Sam’s quick quiz, and you’ll need to apply for an EIN.
OK, once you’ve established that you need to apply for an EIN, the next thing to do is complete Form SS-4. While most people take care of this form online, you can also complete a hardcopy of the form and mail or fax it to the IRS.
When your application is approved, you’ll receive the EIN confirmation letter CP-575. The timing of when you receive the letter depends on how you handle submitting form SS-4.
If you complete the application online, the IRS automatically sends you the EIN Confirmation Letter (CP-575) digitally, which you can download at your convenience.
If, on the other hand, you apply by mail or fax, you’ll receive the CP-575 confirmation letter by mail, which can take a while — it usually arrives within four to six weeks of your EIN application.
It’s important to keep in mind that you’ll only receive your CP-575 form letter one time: when your EIN number is initially assigned. You won’t receive a new one annually, so it’s important to keep the confirmation letter in a safe place.
As your business starts to grow, use our free tool to calculate payroll any time of day — from your mobile device or desktop.
As already mentioned, your IRS CP-575 form letter will include information such as your EIN number, business name, and address. Here’s what it looks like:
Should you lose track of your letter, there’s no reason to panic. Even though the IRS will not replace the original CP-575 letter you received, if you need a copy, you can request the EIN Verification Letter (147-C).
To obtain a 147-C, you’ll need to contact the IRS at 1-800-829-4933 between 7:00 AM to 7:00 PM, Monday through Friday, in your local time zone. There are a couple of exceptions: if you’re located in Alaska & Hawaii, follow Pacific time when calling. It’s important to point out that you can’t request the letter online or via email. The IRS will only send a 147-C letter via mail or fax. You can find more information about this process on the IRS website.
Once received, you can use 147-C as a valid replacement for CP-575. And in the meantime, while you’re waiting for the 147-C, the IRS suggests taking a few other steps if you need to track down your EIN for use completing other documents, including:
Finally, you can check previous tax returns for your business (if you have filed a return). Your federal tax filing should include your FEIN.
“OnPay is one of the best payroll softwares out there. As a busy CEO who runs his own company, OnPay makes it incredibly simple, fast and their support is also out of this world.”
— Austin, ABTrades, LLC
We’re by no means trying to cause anxiety, but with identity theft on the rise, it can be a good idea to safeguard your CP-575 letter since it contains important information regarding your business. Even though the risk of someone getting their hands on your CP-575 is probably low, it’s not a bad idea to keep it under lock and key. And while we’re on the subject of organizing files, you may also find our article on how long to keep payroll records useful as you begin to hire employees.
Congratulations on getting your business off the ground. If you’re looking to dive a bit deeper, use our guides on processing payroll for more insights and information on paying your team for the first time.
This article is for informational purposes only and should not be relied on for tax, legal, or accounting advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, and accounting advisors for formal consultation.