Terms and Definitions

What is the US Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission (EEOC)?

Updated: May 16, 2024

EEOC definition and purpose

EEOC stands for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The EEOC is a U.S. government agency that enforces federal laws which make it illegal to discriminate against an employee or job candidate because of a person’s race, color, religion, or sex. Additionally, this agency researches complaints if job applicants allege that they have been discriminated against for transgender status, sexual orientation, national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information or during pregnancy.


More about the EEOC

The EEOC has several responsibilities, including enforcing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the Equal Pay Act of 1963. Most employers that have at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws. For cases that involve age discrimination, employers with 20 or more are subject to the law.


Where is the EEOC located?

EEOC headquarters are located in Washington, D.C. and they have 53 field offices across the United States.

Using EEOC in a sentence

“An an employee, Its comforting to know the EEOC is around to battle discrimination in the workplace.”

Terms related to: US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

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